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History


The story of Crotone takes its roots in the VIII century B.C., when it was founded with the name of Kroton by Greek settlers who found a mild climate and a fertile land, as well as a strategic position on the Ionian Sea, that still makes the city a crucial point in the Mediterranean. 

Crotone and its hinterland offer still intact and extremely varied natural landscapes, going from the mountains of the Sila National Park to the unspoilt sea of "Capo Rizzuto" Marine Protected Area with its rare wildlife.
 
It is during the Magna Graecia period (VII-I B.C.), that Crotone inherited the unique privilege of taking on the role of guardian of the history of this civilization. 
Even today, wherever one excavates, it is possible to uncover remains from the Greek age which saw Crotone at the height of its splendour in the 5th century BC.
During the course of the centuries Crotone has been home to several Mediterranean people, such as the Oenotrians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Bruttii as well as of Franco-German origin, such as the Normans, the Suebi, the Angioins and the Bourbons. These populations, founders of western and Mediterranean civilization, have left visible traces of their greatest and culture. 
 
The stratification of the territory makes it possible to trace, at different depths, testimony to the different historic phases which have passed Crotone. The plan which privileged this area was not simply of a strategic character for the military defence of the coasts, but also for the environmental and cultural profile which characterize this territory. 

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Art

Crotone, Pythagoras' town
Santa Severina, the "stone ship"
Le Castella, the magic of a castle in the sea


Crotone, with its old town and the Castel of Charles V. Santa Severina, named among the most beautiful Italian villages. San Giovanni in Fiore, famous for its abbey and Gioacchino da Fiore. And finally Le Castella, an ancient fishing village well known for its castle that actually sits on a small isthmus anchored to the shore by a strip of land.

Sea Protected Area

Capo Rizzuto and its marine reserve

In the marine reserve of "Capo Rizzuto" the colour of the sea changes from sky blue to emerald green and the coast is truly spectacular, so rich in history and nature, that in 1991 it was declared a protected marine reserve, covering an area of about 15,000 hectares, which make it the largest in Italy.

Wineries

Cirò, the wine of the gods

One of the best-known products of the territory is its wine, especially the "D.O.C." Cirò, "wine of the gods", that was proffered to Olympic champions after the games.

Mountains

Sila, an amazing mountain in the middle of the Mediterranean

The Calabrian mountains can be identified with the vast plateau at the centre of the region, with peaks that hit the 2000-meter mark. The Silan landscape is characterized by the larician pine, a soaring, tall tree that recalls the gentle wilderness of the Alps

Archaeological Sites

Capo Colonna, breathing Magna Graecia

A number of traces bear witness to the Magna Graecia period, possibly the most fruitful that Crotone has ever known, and during which the mathematician Pythagoras selected the city as the site for his school: the Capocolonna Archaeological Park.

  • Art

    Crotone, with its old town and the ...
  • Sea Protected Area

    In the marine reserve of "Capo Rizzuto" ...
  • Wineries

    One of the best-known ...
  • Mountains

    The Calabrian mountains can be ...
  • Archaeological Sites

    A number of traces bear witness to...
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Avanti

Sea Protected Area

Sila National Park

Crotone Tourism Info