The school of medicine
The ancient city of Kroton was also famous for its physicians, including Democedes (a friend of Pythagoras) and Alcmaeon, who was a pioneer in experimentation and succeeded in transforming medicine, which until then had been contaminated by magic and superstition, into a science.
Alcmaeon was probably the first to write about the philosophy of nature and also appears to have been the first to invent the fairy tale. He is considered to be the father of the scientific reasoning that brought about the transformation of sacred and priestly hieratic medicine to scientific medicine.
With the creation of Alcmaeon’s school of medicine and philosophy and Pythagoras’s school of mathematics, philosophy and politics, Crotone became a centre for learning. In fact, at the end of the late sixth century BC, the first guided school of experimental and clinical medicine flourished in Crotone.